The best-known example is that of the male seahorse who has a pouch in which the female sea horse lays her eggs. The father then proceeds to gestate their young inside his swollen belly for nearly two months and even endures a day or two of labor before giving birth to a dozen or so sea ponies. The male continues to protect the young until they are able to live on their own.
A male sea catfish carries up to 48 marble-size eggs in his mouth for the 60 days until his offspring develop. During this period, the catfish forsakes eating . So does the male Darwin frog who hatches his eggs in a pouch in his mouth and keeps them until his tadpoles lose their tails, become tiny frogs, and jump out of his mouth!
A male stickleback fish makes a river-bottom nest from bits of aquatic plants. After fertilizing the eggs his mate has laid, the father hovers above and aerates the mass of eggs with his fins. Day after day he picks and preens the eggs, removing mold and debris to keep them clean. And if a newly hatched fry wanders too far, Dad will collect it in his mouth and gently deliver it back to the nest. The father stickleback watches over the eggs, guarding his nest fiercely. He doesn’t leave the nest, even to eat. If a hungry fish approaches, the father stickleback swings the spines on his back like a sword and bites the intruder to chase it away Many other fish have the same paternal pattern as the wonderful little stickleback. The male sand goby builds the most attractive nest in an empty cockleshell. When the nest is ready, with attractive decor, lighting, and mood, he escorts a female to it and waits outside while she demurely slips in and deposits her eggs. She leaves s. Days pass while he stands guard and makes sure the fry hatch Many male birds are excellent dads. A father Emperor Penguin bears the cold winds in the Antarctic for more than two months to protect his egg, which he keeps on his feet, covered by his belly. During this time, he does not eat a thing and will actually lose about 25 pounds while he waits for his baby to hatch. Afterwards he feeds the chick a special liquid from his throat. The father penguin goes to eat and rest only after the mother who has been away to the sea to feed for these months comes to take charge.
Male spotted sandpipers sit on the pair's eggs for the entire three-week incubation period and cares for the hatchlings for several weeks afterward while the mother pushes off to do what she wants.
Both male and female pigeons produce milk and take it in turns to feed their young.
Rheas are large South American birds similar to ostriches. Father rhea takes sole care of his young. From eggs to chicks, he feeds, defends, and protects them until they are old enough to survive on their own. A father Namaqua sand grouse of Africa's Kalahari Desert flies as far as 50 miles a day in order to soak himself in water and return to his nest, where his chicks can drink from his feathers!
Male parenting is less common among mammals, which, by definition, raise their young on mother's milk. For example, when the mother wolf gives birth, the father stands guard outside their den and brings food for the mother and pups. As the pups grow, the father plays with them and teaches them to survive. Even after the pups reach adulthood, the wolves will continue to live together in a similar way as human families do.
Among the most devoted parents is the beaver father. The whole beaver family is live together in a dark lodge all winter.Both parents build and keep the lodge in good repair (though the female seems more concerned with lodgekeeping) and both parents bring food to the kits once they are weaned from their mother’s milk.
The male Red Fox is a model for good fathering. He is a devoted mate and father. Not only does he supply his vixen with fresh food every four to six hours while she nurses her pups, but he is equally dedicated to teaching his offspring survival skills. Males will bury food near the den to train pups how to sniff and forage and will play ambush games with them to teach defense.
Or take for example the small South American monkey the Marmoset. The father takes care of the babies from birth. The male carries, feeds, and grooms the infants and may even act as a midwife during birth, grooming and licking the newborn marmosets. In fact, the male will only carry it to the mother when it needs to be nursed. When the baby can eat solid food, it is the father who feeds the child.. Male tamarins and titi monkeys do most of the care giving and take care of the baby’s daily needs. Siamang Ape fathers are unique in the intensity of their bonding with their offspring, whom they carry from the second year on Are you a man or a mouse?” is a question used to challenge a man’s manhood. Most mice are both ! Deer Mice dads, for example, immediately pitch in to guard their young when the female goes off to feed. Males hover over their young, surrounding them with nesting material, and even washing them. Studies of rodents show that pups reared in the company of both parents survive better and grow faster than those reared only by the mother.